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What are the differences between Simple past and Past Tense ?


isai 12 / 111  
Sep 7, 2011   #1
What are the differences between Simple past and Past Tense ?
As far as I am concerned TENSES ..such as

PRESENT TENSE / PAST TENSE / PRESENT CONTINUOUS / PAST CONTINUOS / PRESENT PERFECT / PAST PERFECT / PRESENT PERFECT CONT/ PAST PECT CONT , FUTURE / FUTURE CONT...

Please guide me ...

Regards

FROM EF_Kevin:
THREAD TITLE RULES - Good Topic Subjects

beepro21 15 / 22  
Sep 7, 2011   #2
Tense is use of verb form to indicate time of action or state
Eg: Present V/Vs,es ask/ asks
Past: Ved asked
Aspect denotes the manner in which the action or state is performed.There are 4 categories of aspect: Simple, Perfect, Progressive and Perfect Progressive
tense and aspect are combined to form a system of tenses. As you see we will have totally 12 tenses in English.
Present Simple, Present Perfect, Present Progressive, Present Perfect Progressive
Past Simple, Past Perfect, Past Progressive, Past Perfect Progressive
Future Simple,...
EF_Kevin 8 / 13,334 129  
Sep 7, 2011   #3
When you say continuous, you are talking about the tense that some people call "progressive."

For examples of all of them, google these terms: Simple, Perfect, Progressive and Perfect Progressive
OP isai 12 / 111  
Sep 8, 2011   #4
Tq to Kevin and beepro21.

Regards
donnyork - / 2  
Jul 6, 2016   #5
Past emphatic tenses in English retain present tense main verb. Avoid "did went" and such...

"The man did go" is an example to remember, illustrating that the main verb form remains the present. The man "did went" is wrong. The past tense of the verb "to do" is what creates the past emphatic in English.
Sunrise011 7 / 14 7  
Jul 7, 2016   #6
Dear Isai,
The English language's tenses are 17. Down below I'll be showing you the tenses and their usage.

Simple Present / Present Progressive (or Continuous) / Simple Past / Past Progressive / Present Perfect / Present Perfect Progressive / Past Perfect / Past Perfect Progressive / Simple Future I (Will) / Simple Future I (Going to) / Future I Progressive / Simple Future II / Future II Progressive / Conditional I Simple / Conditional I Progressive / Conditional II Simple / Conditional II Progressive.

Basically, to figure out in what tense you should conjugate the verb, you need to look for any time indications (e.g. today, tomorrow)
1/ Simple present (a.k.a. present tense):
* Action occurring at an exact and immediate time once (Affirmative form), never (Negative form), several times (Question).
* General truth: an information that is widely known and take part in the common knowledge (e.g. The earth is round / Drugs are prejudicial ...)
* Sayings and cliches: (Go hit the books, they don't hit back [Cliché] / A bird in hand is worth two in the bush [Saying])
* Medical prescriptions and day-to-day advices.

--> Conjugation: (Affirmative)
* All verbs (except "to be", "to have"):
- I, he, she, it --> -s (verb + s) / e.g. to eat: He eats, she eats, it eats.
- I, you, we, they --> verb [without changes] (-to) / e.g. to talk: I talk, you talk, they talk, we talk.
* Verb "to be": I am ('m), you are ('re), they are ('re), we are ('re), he is ('s), she is ('s), it is ('s) { Avoid using contractions in academic writing.

* Verb "to have": I have ('ve), you have ('ve), we have ('ve), they have ('ve), he has ('s), she has ('s), it has ('s) { Avoid using contractions in academic writing.

P.S: Verbs, that ends up with an "h", takes an "e" before the "s" with: he, she, it.

2/ Present progressive:
* Action occurring at the present time and taking a limited period of time [the action is not immediate] (e.g. Isai is jogging all along the forest).

* Action taking place at the moment of speaking (e.g. The press are exclusively covering Orlando's gay club attacks).
* Action arranged for the future (e.g. The senate elections results are announced soon).

--> Conjugation: (Affirmative)
All verbs (No exceptions):
* Verb "to be" conjugated with the given pronoun + the initial verb (-to) (e.g. He is struggling / They are performing a theater play / I am feeling better)

3/ Simple past (a.k.a. Past tense):
* Action taking place in the past, at a precise moment, once (Affirmative form), never (Affirmative form) or several times (Question) (e.g. I had a nightmare, last night / I didn't visit my uncle, during summer vacations / Did they win their game?)

* Action taking place in the middle of another (e.g. If Italked , they would have asphyxiate me to death)

--> Conjugation:
* Affirmative form : (Regular verbs): [All pronouns] verb+ed (e.g. I talked / they watched / We managed / you eliminated)
(Irregular verbs): [Here is the list of all irregular verbs I could help you with]: "Check out the attached PDF file herewith".
* Negative form : (All verbs without exceptions): Verb "to do" in the past tense (did) + not + the initial verb (-to) (e.g. Ecologic meeting didn't give much of solution to fix the seriously dangerous environmental crisis / The majority in the Congress didn't decide to disable the discussed law ...)

* Interrogative form (Question): Verb "to do" in the past tense (did) + subject + the initial verb (-to) (Did you finish your homework? / Did my mother arrived home?).

4/ *Past Perfect Simple:
* Action taking place before a certain time in the past (e.g. He had visited her before she told the police to intervene)
* It can be interchangeable with the past perfect progressive.
* Putting emphasis on the fact (the past perfect progressive focuses on the duration of the event).

5/ * Future Tense (going to): (a.k.a. Future Simple):
* Decision made for the future / Planning (e.g. I am going to visit the gymnasium later)
* Conclusion with regard to the future (e.g. He got low GPA and SAT scores, he is, definitely, not going to apply for top-class colleges)

--> Conjugation:
* Affirmative: verb "to be" + going to (e.g. The president is going to leave the white house as soon as the new elected president do the sworn statement).

* Interrogative: verb "to be" + subject + going to (e.g. Is he going to have his stomach fed in the foster family?)
* Negative: verb "to be" + not going to (e.g. I'm not going to sign any paperwork if I don't get promotion).

6/ * Future Tense (will):
* Action in the future that cannot be influenced (e.g. He will die no matter what).
* Spontaneous decision (e.g. Any dog will logically counterattack roguishly if attacked).
* Assumption with regard to the future (e.g. The military will get prepared if ever threatened by WW III).

--> Conjugation:
* Affirmative: will + verb (-to).
* Negative: will not (won't) + verb (-to).
* Interrogative: will + subject + verb (-to).

7/ * Conditional Simple:
* An action that might take place (e.g. Under LSD's influence, the narrator would kill anyone in front of him).

--> Conjugation:
* Affirmative: would + verb (-to).
* Negative: would not (wouldn't) + verb (-to).
* Interrogative: would + subject + verb (-to).

* Well, I tried to explain the most commonly used tenses and provide two attached files herewith for your benefit. Talking with depth about these tenses would take ages, hence, I wanted to simplify things. I hope you get to benefit.




  • The tenses' time line and their positions herein


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