Energy production and consumption
Task 1: The graph below compares figures for the production and consumption of energy in the US from 1950 to 2000. It also predicts figures for 2025. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
The chart gives the changes in the amount of US energy production and consumption from 1950 to 2000, and a prediction till 2025. Overall, the amount of energy consumped outweighs the produced amount with the continuously increasing trend during the given period.
The first period from 1950 to 1975 saw a proportional growth of both production and consumption with 30 units, and although the consumption was consistently higher, the difference was marginal during 20 years.
While energy production was on the gradual increase in the next 20 years, the consumption of energy was more fluctuating and steeper with a double increase of 20 units, from 65 in 1975 to 90 in 2000, compared to 10 units increase of energy production. This forced the import to rise to keep up with the trend.
During the last years from 2000 to 2025, the imports of energy are projected to be on a dramatic rise when making a comparison between the consistently increasing figures of energy consumption, ranging from 90 units to 140 units and the modest amount of energy production increasing in this period.