essay: causes and solutions
Please comment, and if possible, estimate the band score for my IELTS academic writing 2 essay. Thanks in advance!Influence of human being on the world's ecosystem is leading to the extinction of species and loss of bio-diversity.
What are the primary causes of loss of bio-diversity? What solutions can you suggest?
In our times, a staggering number of animal and plant species is facing the threat of becoming extinct due to human activities. This essay will examine the main reasons for this phenomenon and ways to tackle the problem will be analysed.
The first cause of the diminishing diversity of biological life is pollution. Land, water, air and nuclear pollution contribute significantly to the global warming issue, which directly affects the wildlife. Many animals are unable to live under higher temperature. An example is polar bear who cannot survive in the poles with melted iceberg and limited food supply. Another factor is deforestation for wood logging and city development. Without vegetation, the animals' habitat is totally destroyed. Thus, living things find it hard to exist or reproduce and become endangered.
To remedy the situation of wildlife extinction, the public awareness of environmental protection should be raised. More educational promotion has to be done to instill to the citizens the importance of being eco-friendly. People should be reminded that the temperature of air-conditioner should be set at 25.5 degree Celsius to lessen the negative effects of global warming. Another possible solution is more stringent laws and regulations. The government should set up fines for polluters with the polluters pay principle. This can be illustrated by laws requiring factories to pay according to the waste produced in a certain period of time. This aims at reducing the level of pollution.
In conclusion, the major human causes to the depletion of flora and fauna include serious pollution and cutting of trees. To protect our ecosystem, we should be more aware of protecting the earth.