Hello all, I'm new at this forum. I'm going to take TOEFL in a short time so I hope you would take a moment to read and review my essay, and if possible, correct it.
Do grades encourage students to learn?
Teacher gives students assignments and tests in order to measure the capability of children as well as to measure his/her ability to teach students. Due to this method of teaching, teacher is forced to give grades to the students grades based on these academic measurement. I personally believe that grades encourage students to learn and do their best because of several reasons mentioned below.
First of all, humans are naturally competitive in every way of life. They compete for job, food, and even power in politics. As they compete, there will always be the winner and the loser. As the winner wins, he/she will work even harder to maintain its winning position. But, what happens to the loser? He/she will also get motivated to work harder because of the embarrassment of losing to the winner. The same case applies to academic life. As the grades are given by the teachers, both students who get good grades and bad one, will study harder and indeed learn more.
The second reason comes from the parents. Every parent does not want their children to get bad grades. If their children get one, their parents will be disappointed or even angry. This situation may bring the idea of having a private teacher for them. By having another teacher apart from their official teachers in class, they will be forced to study. Even if the children do not get a private teacher, they still will study more because of the bad feelings towards their parents by having them disappointed.
Based on the reasons I mentioned above, I summarize that students are encouraged to learn because of the grades they get. Humans have feelings, and because of this, they will be easily manipulated by some things, including grades.