Wildlife, as natural habitat of endangered animals need to be conserved by human. Incline of hunting and the illicting trading animal suc as Rhinos, Elephants, and sharks toward extinction need to be reduced. The criminal networking are getting more sophasticated than even before. So, cutting-edge technology approaches should be developed for conserving and identifying them. Wild crime should be prevented with particular technology, here are 5 of 11 the most promising leading-edge technology tool for detecting wildlife crime, nabbing poachers, and stepping up law enforcement.
DNA analysis is the one of wildlife crime investigation. Samuel Wasser, DNA analisys of ivory compared with DNA-based mapping of elephant populations and focus in high-risk area.
2. Acoustic Traps
Using sensor which act using network of recycling cell phones with solar panels and antennas. When there were an illegal activity, such as plane or truck engines, chainsaws, explotions, and gunfire will be recorded and tranmitted sound into the phones.
3. Thermal imaging
The researchers are trying to check up the thermal imagery cameras to remote illegal activity into parks and conservation areas.
4. Spatial monitoring and reporting tool (SMART) and CyberTracker
This technology has uesd in 120 protective areas in 27 countries, the data are integrated from ranger patrols and will be analyzed if there were a local proachers.