The Taklimakan Desert is a part of Africa's Sahara which is about 337,600 square kilometers. Eighty-five percent of the Taklimakan consist of shifting sand dunes, some up to 250 meters tall, and large free vegetation. Yet, open desert and oasis on the desert support plant are scorching summer and frigid winter, drought and high-salt condition. There are three Taklimakan plants be adapted-Populus euphratica, Tamarix ramossina, and Alhagi sparsifolia. They have unique mechanism to survive.
The Populus euphratica, Eupharates poplar, tall tree in Taklimakan has an extensive root that allows to absorb water far from the standing tree. Tamarix ramossima, a small three called tamarisk or salt chedar takes amount of water via a far-reaching root system many times the size of the plant above ground. Then, a spiny shrub, Alhagi sparsifolia uses large amount of water especially during the summer months. Most it roots reach down deep where they take up water around sixteen meters below ground.
However, desert plants able to adapt for their own survival, they also help protect their ecosystem