The diagrams below show some principles of house design for cool and for warm climates.
The diagrams compare two housing designs that can be applied based on the climate condition. Overall, it can be seen that the main differences between both designs are related to the roof, insulation and window.
The roof of house in cool climate has a high-angled shaped so as to ease the sunlight to get into the house. Meanwhile, the house in warm climate has a triangle-shaped roof made of reflective material. The tips of this roof are used to hinder the entry of sunlight.
In cool-climate design, the insulation covered by thermal building material inside is put on all part of walls and under the roof, so it can decrease the heat loss. In the other type of house, the insulation is only put under the roof.
The window of cool-climate house is installed to orient the sun, so much more heat from the sun can be catch. Meanwhile, the house in warm climate has more than one window that can be closed in the day and are shaded by the roof. In the night, the windows can be opened to make an air circulation, so the overheating atmosphere can be removed.