Hello the Issue question is :
In any field of endeavor, it is impossible to make a significant contribution
without first being strongly influenced by past achievement within that field.
Please see my response and give feedback from GRE exam point of view.
The author claims that, to achieve higher levels in a particular field, it is necessary that
you should have some past achievements in that particular field.
Surely, it is agreeable that when you have experience in a field, you have acquired the skills needed in that field,
and have achieved awards, you are most likely to get excellence in that field and you can give significant contribution in that field.
Sachin Tendulkar, Indian cricket icon, dreamed of being a cricketer since his childhood, he worked very hard and achieved many awards and prizes
The hard-work he did to achieve these awards even before entering into international cricket certainly helped him
in performing better and better, and to reach to a master level, he has now become the God of Cricket for most
Indians.His previous achievements built a certain power within him which helped him achieve higher limits.
Though it is true that past achievements help you give great contribution in that particular field,
it is not necessary that, if you are beginner in a particular field you can't give
significant contribution in that field. There are cases, where people have given great contribution despite of any past achievements.
We can think of Amitab Bacchan, bollywood superstar, who had no intention to come in film industry till his mid 20s, but accidentally
he started his film career and now he has achieved very powerful status in Indian film industry.
significant contribution in a particular field requires profound knowledge of that field which comes with experience; interest and passion of that
particular field and ability to work hard also play vital role .
Therefore I believe that past achievements definitely help you give significant contribution in a particular field,
but they are not absolutely necessary.