A number of factors spring to mind as being important when choosing building materials: cost, energy efficiency, availability, impact on the environment, aesthetics, and variables related to strength and endurance such as climate, potential of earthquakes, flood, high winds, etc.
Googling "Comparison of steel and timber frame buildings" brought up some information that looks useful, including a thesis called. "Which is Better? - Steel, Concrete or Wood" That might be enough to get you started, particularly the "References" section, which will lead you to numerous articles.
I hope this proves helpful for you!